Scientific Names of Plants and Animals

Scientists across the world use a common system for naming organisms, this system is known as the binomial nomenclature. In this system two words are used to name the organisms that represents its generic name and the other its specific cognomen. Biological classification is necessary as the number of living things are enormous. Every year new forms of species keep adding on every year. The organisms vary greatly in their form, structure and their mode of life.

Benefits of using scientific names for an organism are as follows:

  • The scientific name remains the same world wide and hence is easily recognizable.
  • The possibility of confusion due multiple name s given to the same organism in different parts of the world is eliminated by scientifically naming the organism
  • A relationship between different species of organisms in a particular genus can be deduced by scientific names.
  • It also helps in recognizing or identifying any new organisms discovered.
  • Any incorrect name to a particular organism can be corrected.
  • The scientific names provided are often descriptive and also indicate some important characteristics of the organisms

The scientific names consists of two terms, the genus name and the species name. The genus name always starts with a capital letter and the species name always starts with a small letter. This process of naming organisms scientifically is known as ‘taxonomy’.


The binomial nomenclatures of common plants are listed as follows:
Common Name   Scientific Names
Sunflower Helianthus annuus
Mango Magnifera indica
Neem Azadicta indica
Rose Rosa
Tulsi Ocimum tenuiflorum
Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa
Aplle Blossom Grass Gaura
Wild rye Elymus sp.
Wild Oats Avena fatua
Red Maple Acer rubrum
Rice Oryza sativa
Wheat Triticum spp.
Finger millet Eleusine coracana
Barley Hordeum vulgare
Coriander Coriandrum sativum
Cashew nut Anacardium occidentale
Curry leaf Murraya koenigii
Dragon fruit Hylocereus undutus
Ginger Asarum
Orange Citrus sinensis
Papaya Carica papaya
Pine apple Ananas comosus
Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum


The binomial nomenclatures of common animals are listed as follows:
Common Name    Scientific Names  
Dog Canis lupus
Housefly Musca domestica
Tiger Panthera tigris
Lepoard Panther pardus
Lion Panthera leo
Bear Ursidae carnivora
Crow Corvus splendens
Ant Hymenopetrous formicidae
Bat Chiroptera
Buffalo Bison bonasus
Cat Felis catus
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus
Crocodile Crocodilia niloticus
Elephant Proboscidea elepahantidae
Dolphin Delphinidae delphis
Goat Capra hircus
Frog Anura ranidae
Rabbit Leoparidae cuniculas
Giraffe Giraffa horridus
Fox Cannis vulpes
Deer Artiodactyl cervidae
Cobra Elaphidae naja
Panda Alurpoda melanoleuca
Ass Equs asinus
Horse Equus ferus caballus


These were some scientific names of plants and animals.


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1 Comment

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